The The Uzbek National Tradition in the Pedagogical Practices of Adult Educators
While Uzbekistan strives to preserve its traditional culture and values (for example, respect for elders), interest in modern teaching methods is growing incrementally. This study aims to investigate whether and to what extent the national context affects teaching methods, in particular the interactive methods, which Uzbek professors use for training the civil service talent pool. The study is based on focus groups and content and cluster analysis. The results show that although Uzbek professors acknowledge the importance of the national context, their adult students’ needs and their own pedagogical experience are paramount in their choice of interactive methods. We also found that professors are highly motivated to try new methods, despite the lack of adequate access to cutting-edge resources. Therefore, their professional development should be aimed at improving their teaching qualifications by introducing the latest global trends in instruction methods. Conventional methods have to be revised and complemented with modern ones. This will lead to mutual enrichment between unique and strong Uzbek national traditions in education and contemporary international trends.
- Aban'kina, M. D., & Medvedeva, A. V. (2017). Sovremennye metody obuchenia kadrovogo reserva kompanii [Modern methods of training a talent pool of a company]. Novoe pokolenie, 13, 179–183.
- Abdukakhkharova, G. A. (2017). Formirovanie etnopsikhologicheskikh osobennostej uchitelya uzbekskoj shkoly [Formation of the ethno-psychological characteristics of an Uzbek schoolteacher]. International Scientific and Practical Conference “World Science”, 4(20), 36–38.
- Adams, L. (2004). Cultural Elites in Uzbekistan: Ideological Production and the State. In P.J. Luong (Ed.), The Transformation of Central Asia: States and Societies from Soviet Rule to Independence (pp. 93–119). Ithaca; London: Cornell University Press. Retrieved from www.jstor.org/stable/10.7591/j.ctv3s8mhm.8
- Azizkhodzhaeva, N. N. (2009). Innovatsii v reformirovanii nepreryvnogo obrazovaniya respubliki Uzbekistan [Innovation in the reform of continuing education in the Republic of Uzbekistan]. Vestnik of Pushkin Leningrad State University, 1 (Pedagogy), 85–99.
- Babić, A., Vukmirović, S., & Capko, Z. (2015). Role of Information and Communication Technology in Lifelong Learning for Employees in Public Administration. Economy of Eastern Croatia Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, 4, 222–231.
- Bekmurodov, M. (2004). Uzbek mentaliteti [Uzbek mentality]. Tashkent: Yangi asr avlodi.
- Corder, N. (2008). Learning to Teach Adults: An Introduction (2nd ed.). London: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9780203935941
- Farmanova, B. A. (2019). Strategicheskij ryvok Uzbekistana: novyj etap dinamichnogo razvitiya [Strategic leap of Uzbekistan: a new stage of dynamic development]. Bulletin of Science and Practice, 5(4), 532–537. DOI: 10.33619/2414-2948/41/80
- Finke, P. (2014). Variations on Uzbek Identity: Strategic Choices, Cognitive Schemas and Political Constraints in Identification Processes. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qck24
- Hand, M., & Pearce, J. (2009) Patriotism in British Schools: Principles, Practices and Press Hysteria. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 41(4), 453–465. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-5812.2009.00528.x
- Kasimova, Z. Kh. (2019). Osobennosti natsionalnykh tsennostej i mezhkulturnykh kommunikatsij v soderzhanii gumanitarnogo obrazovaniya [Features of national values and intercultural communications in the content of humanitarian education]. Vestnik nauki i obrazovania, 22(76), Part 3, 49–52.
- Kelly, J. (2017). Professional Learning and Adult Learning Theory: A Connection. Northwest Journal of Teacher Education, 12(2), 1–15. DOI: 10.15760/nwjte.2017.12.2.4
- Magroupov, A. Yu. (2019). Chelovecheskij kapital – glavnyj faktor innovatsionnogo razvitia Respubliki Uzbekistan [Human capital is the main factor of innovative development of the republic of Uzbekistan]. Vestnik nauki i obrazovania, 11(65), Part 1, 64–70.
- Makarova, G. V. (2014). Metody formirovania i podgotovki reserva upravlencheskikh kadrov v regione [Methods of forming and education of reserve of the managerial personnel in the region]. Central Russian Journal of Social Sciences, 2(32), 54–57.
- Malikova, G. R. (2018). Problemy i puti povysheniya prestizha i effektivnosti sistemy professionalnoy gosudarstvennoy sluzhby v Uzbekistane [Problems and ways for improving the prestige and efficiency of the professional state service system in Uzbekistan]. Journal of Foreign Legislation and Comparative Law, 5(72), 52–56. DOI: 10.12737/art.2018.5.8
- Marin, M. J. S., Lima, E. F. G., Paviotti, A. B., Matsuyama, D. T., da Silva, L. K. D., Gonzalez, C., Druzian, S., & Ilias, M. (2010). Strengths and weaknesses in the use of active learning methods. Revista Brasileira de Educação Médica, 34(1), 13–20. DOI: 10.1590/S0100-55022010000100003
- Maylor, U. (2016). ‘I'd worry about how to teach it’: British values in English classrooms. Journal of Education for Teaching, 42(3), 314–328. DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1184462
- Muminov, A. (2017). Makhalla as the Center and the Conductor of Socio-political Development in Uzbekistan. ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science, 04(48), 103–107. DOI: 10.15863/TAS.2017.04.48.17
- Ne'matov Zh. A., & Enikeeva A. G. (2016). Ekonomicheskoe stimulirovanie rabotodatelej v sozdanii bezopasnykh uslovij truda na predpriyatiakh malogo biznesa [Economic stimulation of employers in creating safe working conditions in small business enterprises]. In Proceedings of the III International conference "Dialogue of sciences in the ХХI century" (pp. 84–87). Ufa: Research Centre of Information and Legal Technologies.
- Panina, T. S., & Vavilova, L. N. (2007). Interaktivnoe obuchenie. [Interactive learning]. Obrazovanie i nauka, 6, 32–41.
- Peterson, A., Durrant, I., & Bentley, B. (2015). Student Teachers’ Perceptions of Their Role as Civic Educators: Evidence from a Large Higher Education Institution in England. British Educational Research Journal, 41(2), 343–364. DOI: 10.1002/berj.3141
- Roach, T. (2014). Student Perceptions Toward Flipped Learning: New Methods to Increase Interaction and Active Learning in Economics. International Review of Economics Education, 17, 74–84.
- Sant, E., & Hanley, C. (2018). Political Assumptions Underlying Pedagogies of National Education: The Case of Student Teachers Teaching ‘British Values’ in England. British Educational Research Journal, 44(2), 319–337. DOI: 10.1002/berj.3331
- Seitov, A. (2018). Zhiznennye ustanovki molodezhi Uzbekistana [Life orientations of the youth of Uzbekistan]. Bulletin of Science and Practice, 4(11), 467–475. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1488423
- Senashenko, V. S., & Marushina, M. K. (2018). Delovaya igra v korporativnom obuchenii kak effektivnyj metod razvitiya kompetentsij rukovoditelej [The business simulation game in corporate training as an effective method of manager competency development]. Sovremennoe obrazovanie, 3, 94–108. DOI: 10.25136/2409-8736.2018.3.27318
- Settles, B. (2009). Active Learning Literature Survey. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department of Computer Sciences. Retrieved from http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1793/60660
- Shen, P., Xue, S., & Zhu, L. (2016). The Characteristics and Methods of Adult Learners. In Proceedings of the 2016 2nd International Conference on Social Science and Higher Education. Atlantis Press. DOI: 10.2991/icsshe-16.2016.27
- Shubina, O. A. (2017). Metody obucheniya kadrovogo reserva [Methods of training a talent pool]. In Proceedings of the International Conference “Sotsiokulturnye faktory konsolidatsii sovremennogo rossijskogo obshchestva” [Socio-cultural factors of consolidation in contemporary Russian society], Penza (pp. 158–161).Siddikov, R. B. (2019). Tolerantnost' – vazhnoe napravlenie v obrazovatelnoj politike Respubliki Uzbekistan [Tolerance as an important area in the education policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan]. Problems of Modern Science and Education, 1(134), 45-49. DOI: 10.20861/2304-2338-2019-134
- Smith, S. P. (2017). Adult Learners: Effective Training Methods. Professional Safety, 62(12), 22–25.
- Ubaydullayeva, B. M. (2018). Rol' i status otsov v uzbekskikh sem'yakh [The role and status of fathers in Uzbek families]. Historical Ethnology, 2, 198–208. DOI: 10.22378/he.2018-3-2.198-208
- Urinboyev, R., & Svensson, M. (2018). Corruption, Social Norms and Everyday Life in Uzbekistan. In I. Kubbe, A. Engelbert (Eds.), Corruption and Norms: Why Informal Rules Matter (pp. 187–210). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-66254-1_10
- Welter, F., Smallbone, D., Mirzakhalikova, D. , Schakirova, N. Ju., & Maksudova, Ch. (2006). Women Entrepreneurs Between Tradition and Modernity – The Case of Uzbekistan. In F. Welter, D. Smallbone, N. B. Isakova (Eds.), Enterprising Women in Transition Economies (pp. 45–66). New York: Ashgate.
- Wuestewald, T. (2016). Adult Learning in Executive Development Programs. Adult Learning, 27(2), 68–75. DOI: 10.1177/1045159515602256
- Yuldasheva, F. Kh. (2018). Osobennosti dukhovnosti v kontekste globalizatsii [Peculiarities of spirituality in the context of globalization]. Symbol of science, 6, 75–79.
- Yurevich, A. V. (2013). Strukturnye elementy natsionalnogo mentaliteta [The structural elements of national mentality]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya, 6(29). Retrieved from: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/num/2013v6n29/837-yurevich29.html