Time Allocation and Economic Contribution of Women in Fulfilling the Basic Needs of Poor Households


The primary purpose of this study is to explore the time allocation and economic contribution of women in fulfilling their families’ basic needs. This research used a qualitative approach and applied observations and interviews as the data collection technique. The research sample consisted of 25 people, including 23 stone-breaking women, who have a family, and 2 village heads, whose village areas contain stone-mining enterprises. The obtained data was analysed qualitatively, implying that the processes of data collection, data reduction, data display, and data verification were carried out simultaneously. The results of this study show that the respondents allocate more time to household chores than to stone-breaking work.  However, through the activities as a stone breaker, homemakers do make a significant economic contribution to the family’s income. Indeed, the sole reliance on the husband’s income as the head of the family cannot be sufficient for fulfilling the basic needs. The husband’s income only serves to maintain the survival of the family.

Author Biographies

Jamaluddin Hos, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia

Jamaluddin Hos is a lecturer at the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia. His research interests cover social development issues, particularly poverty in rural and coastal communities. Jamaluddin has participated in various scientific forums and published several books and scientific articles in national and international journals. The main publications include a book entitled There Is Money Behind the Stone and several journal articles, including Fisherman's Survival Pattern Toward Poverty (Open Journal for Anthropological Studies, 2019, 3[2]); Social Workers Practices in Handling Corona Virus Pandemic with an Multisystemic Approach (International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, v. 12, 2020); Interpersonal Teamwork among Ethnic Groups toward Economic Development in Transmigration Areas (Research, Society and Development, v. 9, n. 1, 2020).

Ambo Upe, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia

Ambo Upe is an Assistant Professor, a lecturer at the Sociology Department, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Halu Oleo University, and Executive Director of the Literacy Institute. He completed a doctoral program at Makassar State University (2016) in sociology, focusing on Environmental Sociology studies. His several international publications on environmental issues include The Effects of the Exploitation of Natural Resources towards Risk Society Construction in Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia (published, 2019); Mining and Peasant Societies Resistance: Political Ecology Perspective (published, 2020). As a concern for various social and environmental issues, he founded the Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issue (IJSEI).

Muhammad Arsyad, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia

Muhammad Arsyad is an Associate Professor at the Sociology Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Halu Oleo University. He obtained a Bachelor's degree in sociology from the Hasanuddin University, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, in 1990 and a Masters’ degree from the Postgraduate Program at Airlangga University in 1999. He completed a doctoral study at the Postgraduate Program at Halu Oleo University in 2017. He investigates problems faced by rural and coastal communities. He has published books and articles in national and international journals.

Halu Hasniah, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia

Hasniah is a lecturer of anthropology at the Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. He has participated in various scientific forums. His research interests cover health anthropology, rural anthropology, maritime anthropology, and intercultural relations. The main publications include the following works: Fisherman's Survival Pattern Toward Poverty (Open Journal for Anthropological Studies, 2019); dan Pi'uranga: Study of Cia-Cia's Nifas Period Treatment in the Bahari Village of Sampolawa District of South Buton Regency (Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issues, 2020).


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How to Cite
Hos, J., Upe, A., Arsyad, M., & Hasniah, H. (2021). Time Allocation and Economic Contribution of Women in Fulfilling the Basic Needs of Poor Households. Changing Societies & Personalities, 5(3), 438–451. doi:10.15826/csp.2021.5.3.144