The Efficacy of the Holding Community Program

Promoting Social Reflection in School

  • Anna Siegler University of Pécs
  • Sára Serdült
  • Fanni Csernus
  • Lilla Dézma
  • Izabella Ilea
  • Sára Bigazzi


An intervention (Holding Community Program) was designed by the authors to access the following objectives: (1) increase the perspective taking capacity of adolescents, (2) promote interpersonal and intergroup harmony, (3) empower youth to be (pro)active in their communities and public life. Using a pre-test-intervention-post-test design a total of 240 Hungarian public high school students (159 female, 66.3 %) participated in the study. Students between the age of 14 and 18 (Mage = 15.33; SDage = 0.88) were recruited from four high schools. Control groups (N=122) were chosen from the same institution and grade as experimental classes (N=118, 7 classes), immediate and long term effects (4-6 months after the intervention) were both explored.  Quantitative analysis of the data indicated that the two-day intervention program had significantly increased perspective taking (short-term: F(1,238)=6.03, p<0.05, long-term: n.s.), efficacy beliefs (short-term: F(1,238)= 3.83, p=0.052, long-term: F(1,238)= 3.38, p<0.05) and after the training students were more willing to participate in collective actions (short-term: F(1,238)= 7.32, p<0.01, long-term: F(1,238)= 3.83, p<0.05), while promising but not significant the effect on prejudice. According to the results recommendations for interventions and future studies arise.

How to Cite
Siegler, A., Serdült, S., Csernus, F., Dézma, L., Ilea, I., & Bigazzi, S. (2021). The Efficacy of the Holding Community Program. Changing Societies & Personalities, 5(3). Retrieved from