Human Rights Advocacy of Baptist Initiators

  • Tatyana Nikolskaya Saint Petersburg Christian University, Russia


Among Soviet believers who spoke in defence of their rights, the Baptist Initiators stand out. They collected information about persecutions, provided prayer, moral, material support, human rights assistance to convicted co-religionists and their families and opposed state interference in the affairs of the church. In defending the rights of believers, they also appealed to international public opinion. Women were extensively involved in this activity. In 1964, the Council of Relatives of Prisoners was created, which issued a special “Bulletin”. Although activists within the movement were regularly subjected to repression, their activities objectively influenced the adjustment of Soviet religious policy towards Evangelical Christian Baptists.

Author Biography

Tatyana Nikolskaya, Saint Petersburg Christian University, Russia

Tatyana Kirillovna Nikolskaya — Candidate of History, Member of the Writers' Union of Russia, Senior Lecturer at St. Petersburg Christian University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Short biography: Tatyana Nikolskaya was born in 1962 in Leningrad. She graduated from the historical faculties of the Leningrad State University and European University in St. Petersburg. In 2003, she defended her thesis on Russian Protestantism and State Power in 1905-1991 at the Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Since 2004, working as a lecturer at the St. Petersburg Christian University, she has published more than 60 works on the history of Russian Protestantism and the Messianic movement.

Her main publications include:

  • Russian Protestantism and State Power 1905-1991. – St. Petersburg: Publishing House of the European University in St. Petersburg. 2009. - 356 p.
  • Leadership and the Social Conception of Russian Protestantism in the Context of History // Moral and Spiritual Aspects of Leadership. Collective Monograph of the Chair of Leadership of SPBKU. - St. Petersburg: SPBKhU, 2014. pp. 267-295.
  • Russian Protestants in the 20th Century // Protestantism: Pro et Contra. Anthology: - St. Petersburg: RHGA, 2012. pp. 586-601.


  • Al’manakh po istorii russkogo baptizma (2004). [Al’manakh on the History of Russian Baptism]. St. Petersburg: The Bible for All.

  • Amalrik, A. (1991). Zapiski dissidenta [Notes of a Dissident]. Moscow: Joint Venture “Slovo”.

  • Bartov, V. P. (2017). Evangel’skie khristiane-baptisty v Tul’skoi oblasti: povsednevnaia zhizn’ veruiushchie [Evangelical Christian Baptists in the Tula region: everyday Life of believers (1945–1991)]. Manuscript (in preparation for publication).

  • Belyakova, N. A., & Dobson, M. (2015). Zhenshchiny v evangel’skikh obshchinakh poslevoennogo SSSR. 1940–1980-e gg. Issledovanie i istochniki [Women in evangelical communities of the post-war USSR. 1940s–1980s. Research and sources]. Moscow: Indrik.

  • Biulleten’ SRU (1972). [Bulletin of the CRP]. 9, 6–9.

  • Biulleten’ SRU (1973). [Bulletin of the CRP]. 13, 27–28.

  • Biulleten’ SRU (1978). [Bulletin of the CRP]. 51, 19.

  • Biulleten’ SRU (1984). [Bulletin of the CRP]. 121, 52–55.

  • Bogdanova, L. (2014). Radostnoe poprishche [The joyous field]. Publisher is not indicated.

  • Boyko, N. E. (2007). Veriu v bessmertie [I believe in life eternal]. Publishing House “The Christian” MSC ECB.

  • Bratskii listok (1966). [Brotherly Pamphlet]. 6.

  • “Gospod’… posetil narod Svoi i sotvoril izbavlenie emu” (2001). [“The Lord … visited his people and created deliverance to him”]. Herald of Truth, 4, 2–5.

  • Goneniia na Svidetelei Iegovy v Rossii. Spetsial’nyi otchet (2017). [Persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Russia. Special report. Retrived from:–06–19_special_report_rus.pdf

  • Khorev, M. (2012). Stranitsy zhizni [Pages of life]. Herald of Truth, 4, 3–43.

  • Kryuchkov, G. (2008). Velikoe probuzhdenie XX veka [The Great Awakening of the 20th century]. Publishing House “The Christian” MSC ECB.

  • Kryuchkov, G. K. (2011). Pobeda ot Gospoda! [Victory from the Lord!]. Publisher is not indicated.

  • Kryuchkov, G. K. (2016). Ot smerti v zhizn’ [From death to life]. Publisher is not indicated.

  • Kuksenko, Y. F. (2005). Nashi besedy [Our conversations]. Publishing House “Title”, Germany.

  • Kujawski, E. (2014). Ostat’sia vernym [Remain faithful]. Saint Peterburg. Publisher is not indicated.

  • Nikolskaya, T. K. (2009). Russkii protestantizm i gosudarstvennaia vlast’ v 1905–1991 godakh [Russian protestantism and state Power 1905–1991]. St. Petersburg: Publishing House of the European University.

  • Pamiatnaia zapiska Orgkomiteta (1962) [Memorandum of the Organising Committee]. State Archives of the Russian Federation (GARF). F.-6991, op. 4, d. 133, l. 4–5.

  • Pis’mo gruppy EKhB g. Rostova-na-Donu (1962). [Letter from the Rostov-on-Don ECB group]. State Archives of the Russian Federation (GARF). F.R.-4173, op. 5, d. 140, l. 13.

  • Ryzhuk, V. F. (2012). Ispytanie very [Test of faith]. Publishing House “The Christian” MSC ECB.

  • Sem’ia Khorevykh. Stranitsy zhizni M. I. Khoreva. 1931–2012 (2012). [Family of the Khorev’s. Pages in the Life of M. I. Khorev. 1931–2012]. Slide show.

  • Serdobolskaya, L., & Vistunov, E. (1976). Pod prikrytiem Evangeliia [Under the Cover of the Gospel]. Leningrad: Lenizdat.

  • Uteshilis’ obshchei veroi (1990). [Consoled by common faith]. Herald of Truth, 3, 23–26.

  • “Utverdi, Bozhe, to, chto Ty sodelal dlia nas!” (1989). [“Assert, O God, that which You have done for us!”]. Herald of Truth, 4, 2–11.

  • Vince, G. P. (1994). Evangelie v uzakh [The Gospel in bonds]. Kiev: IPP “Compass”.

  • Vince, N. (2000). The Frontiers of Childhood. Publisher is not indicated.

  • Vistunov, E., & Tyutryumov, M. (1980). Litsa bez masok [Faces without masks]. Leningrad: Lenizdat.

  • Yudintseva, G. I. (2014). Samye schastlivye dni [The happiest days]. Publisher is not indicated.

  • Zastupnichestvo – dukhovnoe nasledie probuzhdennoi tserkvi (2009). [Intercession – The Spiritual Heritage of the Awakened Church]. Booklet.

  • Zavatsky, V. (1995). Evangelicheskoe dvizhenie v SSSR posle vtoroi mirovoi voiny [The Evangelical Movement in the USSR after the Second World War]. Moscow: Garant.

  • Zharinov, G. (1980). Dokladnaia zapiska v SDR o prazdnovanii Paskhi v Leningrade [Report in the SDR on the Celebration of Easter in Leningrad]. State Archives of the Russian Federation (GARF), F.R.-6991, op. 6, d. 1851, l. 33.

How to Cite
Nikolskaya, T. (2017). Human Rights Advocacy of Baptist Initiators. Changing Societies & Personalities, 1(4), 333-352. doi:10.15826/csp.2017.1.4.022