Knowledge: From Ethical Category to Knowledge Capitalism

  • Dmitry M. Kochetkov Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University, Netherlands and Department of Project Management, Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
  • Irina A. Kochetkova Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) and the Institute of Informatics Problems of the Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control" of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia


In the post-industrial economy, the efficiency of scientific knowledge generation becomes crucial. Researchers began to interpret knowledge as a factor of economic growth in the second half of the 20th century; since then, within the theory of economics and management, various approaches have been developed to study the impact of knowledge on economic growth and performance. With time, the focus of knowledge-based theories shifted from corporate management to macrosystems and economic policy. The article describes the main stages in the development of socio-economic concepts of knowledge and analyzes the theoretical and methodological aspects of each approach. The authors have also formulated the critical problems in the analysis of the economic category of knowledge at the present stage and suggested ways of overcoming them. The article may be of interest both to researchers and practitioners in the sphere of corporate strategies and economic policy.

Author Biographies

Dmitry M. Kochetkov, Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University, Netherlands and Department of Project Management, Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

Dmitry M. Kochetkov’s first university degree was in foreign languages. In 2017, he graduated from the postgraduate program in Economics at the Ural Federal University and then defended his thesis of the Candidate of Economic Sciences at Saint Petersburg State University. In addition, Dmitry has an MBA degree (2014, Moscow Business School). He has more than ten years' experience in corporate sales. In 2015, Dmitry moved from the corporate sector to the university sector. Dmitry has worked at leading Russian universities, such as Ural Federal University, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), and Higher School of Economics. Presently, Dmitry is an external PhD researcher at the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) of Leiden University (Netherlands) and Head of division at the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation. His research interests include scientometrics, knowledge economy, higher education research, and innovation policies.

Irina A. Kochetkova, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) and the Institute of Informatics Problems of the Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control" of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Irina A. Kochetkova (Gudkova) received her M.Sc. degree in applied mathematics and Cand.Sc. degree in applied mathematics and computer sciences from the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) in 2009 and 2011, respectively. Currently, she is an Associate Professor at the Applied Probability and Informatics Department, RUDN University, as well as a senior researcher at the Institute of Informatics Problems, Federal Research Center “Computer Science and Control” of the Russian Academy of Sciences. She is a laureate of the Moscow Government Prize for Young Scientists in the nomination “Information and Communication Technologies”. She has co-authored more than 80 publications on mathematical modeling and performance analysis of 4G/5G networks, radio resource management, teletraffic theory, and queuing theory.


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How to Cite
Kochetkov, D., & Kochetkova, I. (2021). Knowledge: From Ethical Category to Knowledge Capitalism. Changing Societies & Personalities, 5(4), 553–580. doi:10.15826/csp.2021.5.4.150