Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jewish Population (OSE): Jewish Humanitarian Mission for over 100 Years
The essay's primary purpose is to bring to the attention of readers interested in the history of the Jewish people that the dramatic 20th century is not only the victims of the Holocaust–and not only the heroism of the military on the battlefields. It is active resistance to barbarism–the rescue of defenseless people through daily civilian activities, nevertheless associated with a constant risk to life. This paper examines non-political and non-religious secular Jewish welfare society within Jewish political and national movements. This essay considers five historical periods of the activity of OSE. These periods are: 1912–1922; 1922–1933; 1933–1945; 1945–1950; 1950–present time. This chronological classification is somewhat imperfect; however, each period reflects the dynamic of functional changes in the initial tasks of the society to review the goals of the organization to satisfy the urgent needs of the European Jewish community in a debatable circumstance of the 20th–21st centuries.
- American Committee of OSE, membership pamphlet. (circa 1943). New York: The American Committee of OSE. Located Widener Library, Harvard University.
- American OSE Review. (1944). No. 2. New York: The American Committee for Protection of the Health of the Jews—OSE. Located Widener Library, Harvard University, [PJud 110.659].
- Baumel, J. T. (1990). Unfulfilled promise: Rescue and resettlement of Jewish refugee children in the United States, 1934–1945. Juneau, AK: Denali Press.
- Dubnow, S. (1958). Nationalism and history. Essays on old and new Judaism. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America.
- Gassenschmidt, C. (1995). Jewish liberal politics in Tsarist Russia, 1900–1914: The modernization of Russian Jewry. New York: New York University Press.
- Gourvitch, L. (1937). Twenty five years OSE, 1912–1937. Paris: OSE.
- Halpern, B., & Reinharz, J. (1988). Nationalism and Jewish socialism: the early years. Modern Judaism, 8(3), 217–248.
- Kieval, H. J. (1980). Legality and resistance in Vichy France: The rescue of Jewish children. Proceeding of American Philosophical Society, 124(5), 339–366.
- Lestschinsky, Ya. (1914). Evreiskaya blagotvoritelnost goroda Vilna [Jewish philanthropy in Vilna]. St. Petersburg: Vestnik evreiskoi obschiny.
- OSE Mail. (1948). Geneva-Paris: Information Department of the Union O.S.E. Located YIVO Library, NY, periodical collection.
- OSE News Release. (1945). New York: The American Committee of OSE. Located Widener Library, Harvard University [PJud 9379322].
- OSE planning to extend medical, social aid to Jews in North African communities. (1947, March 30). The Jewish Telegraphic Agency. https://www.jta.org/1947/03/30/archive/ose-planning-to-extend-medical-social-aid-to-jews-in-north-african-communitiens
- Papanek, E. (1975). Out of the fire. New York: William Morrow & Company.
- Potap, O. (2020). The Society for the protection of the health of the Jewish population (OSE in the scope of the contemporary humanitarianism). In L. Venclauskas (Ed.), Conventions, quotas, refugees: European Jews in 1938–1945 (pp. 37–51). Vilnius, Lithuania: Versus.
- Samuel, V. (2002). Rescuing the children: a Holocaust memoir (Ch. B. Paul, Trans.). Madison and London: University of Wisconsin Press. (Originally published in French 1995)
- Une memoire pour le futur: 90 ans de l’Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants [A legacy for the future: 90 years of the L’Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants]. (2003). (bilingual French-English edition). Paris: Somogy éditions d’art.
- Wulman, L. (1968). In Kamf farn Gezunt fun Idishn Folk: (50 yor OSE) [In fight for the health of the Jewish people (50 years of OSE)]. New York: World Union OSE and the American Committee of OSE.
- Zadachi ohraneniya zdorov’ya russkih evreev [The tasks of protecting Russian Jews’ health]. (1913). St. Petersburg: Izdanie obschestva ohraneniya zdorov’ya evreyskogo naseleniya.