Philosophical Pursuits in Dance Practice of the 21st Century: Body Concepts

  • Maria Kozeva Liberal Arts University, Yekaterinburg, Russia
  • Galina Brandt Liberal Arts University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Abstract

The art of performance dance in the 20th century is undergoing a transformation involving values, concepts, and styles that are quite distinct from the traditional principles of classical art dance. This turn, beginning around the middle of the 20th century, has found expression in a “radical shift” in terms of the form and content of dance, affecting its components, nature, and purpose; therefore, it is not surprising that the quest for new conceptual foundations acquired its own outlook not only, and not so much in art criticism as in philosophical terms. It can be said that the epicentre of these shifts was a new understanding of the dancing body itself. The diversity of practices – dance theatre, physical theatre, dance performance, non-dance movement, postmodern dance, contemporary dance – have in turn become ways of embodying these new bodily concepts. Of course, the primary results of this quest have had a non-verbal character; nevertheless, in general terms, the level of “conversation” allows us to perceive the philosophical concepts underlying the discoveries made.


The task of this article is to clarify these concepts through examining changes ideas about the body within dance culture over the course of the last century. The examination is carried out sequentially through the ages of the twentieth century: the development of new conceptual directions of the body in the dance practices of Western countries are shown, referring each movement to precisely the process from which it respectively proceeded. Thus, the body seen as a means, an “instrument”, for the transmission of higher spiritual meanings, as was generally the case in classical dance, becomes in itself the goal and subject of special interest. Here it is as a space of freedom and a field for unravelling unconscious (psychosomatic) aspects, both in terms of the vehicle of sociality, and as its construct, that awareness of the normative practices of body as a repression of social control can be observed. It is clear that the basic “narratives” identified in the article also unfold in the philosophical studies of the 20th and 21st centuries. Thus, the parallel nature of these processes testifies to a cardinal revision by European society of its physicality.

Author Biographies

Maria Kozeva, Liberal Arts University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Maria Kozeva is a Senior Teacher at the Chair of Theatric Disciplines, Liberal Arts University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. Her principle research interests are contemporary culture, contemporary dance theatre, contemporary dance practices, “body” in contemporary culture and dance. She is the author of the following publications: Transformacii koncepta “tela” v tanceval'nom iskusstve nachala XX veka (2017) [Tramsformations of the “body” concept in the art of dance of the beginning of XX c.], Kontaktnaja improvizacija kak napravlenie sovremennogo tanca (2016) [Contact improvisation as tendency in contemporary dance].

Galina Brandt, Liberal Arts University, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Galina Brandt is Doctor of Philosophy, Professor at the Chair of Social Sciences and Humanities, Liberal Arts University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. Her principle research interests are contemporary culture, contemporary theatre, gender problems, contemporary Christianity. The main publications included the following: “Materinstvo” v russkoj klassicheskoj literature: k feministskoj postanovke voprosa (2016) [“Maternity” in Russian classical literature: feminist perspective], Jetika v paradigme kul'turno-antropologicheskogo podhoda: “novaja drama” o “smerti morali” (2016) [Ethics in the paradigm of cultural-anthropological approach: “new drama” on the “death of morality”], “Ty gotov k neverojatnomu schast'ju?”: zony pritjazhenija cerkvi i teatra v tekuchej sovremennosti (2016) [“Are you ready for unbelievable happiness?”: zones of gravity of church and theatre in the liquid modernity], “Telo” v kul'ture: istoricheskie transformacii (2015) [The “body” in culture: historical transformations].

References


  • Borisenko, E. (2015). Telo sovremennogo tantsa [The body of contemporary dance]. Teatr, 20. Retrieved from: http://oteatre.info/telo-sovremennogo-tantsa/

  • Bychkov, V., Bychkova, L. (2000). XX vek: predel’nye metamorfozy kul’tury [XX century: ultimate metamorphoses of culture]. Polygnosys, 2, 63–76; 3, 67–85.

  • Banes, S. (1978). Terpsichore in Sneakers: Post-Modern dance. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

  • Comte-Sponville, A. (2012). Filosofskii slovar’ [Philosophical dictionary]. Moscow: Eterna.

  • Gerdt, O. (2003). Iskusstvo zadavat’ voprosy [The art of asking questions]. Peterburgskii teatral’nyi zhurnal, Special issue, 6–8.

  • Gerdt, O. (2015). Contemporary dance: istoriia trekh smertei [Contemporary dance: a story of three deaths]. Teatr, 20. Retrieved from: http://oteatre.info/contemporary-dance-istoriya-treh-smertej/

  • Gorfunkel, E. (1996). Chas Valeski Gert [The hour of Valeska Gert]. Peterburgskii teatral’nyi zhurnal, 9. Retrieved from: http://ptzh.theatre.ru/1996/9/110/

  • Khlopova, V. (2015). Amerikanskii tanets XX veka: zachem Terpsikhora nadela krossovki [American dance of the 20th century: why Terpsichore put on sneakers]. Teatr, 20. Retrieved from: http://oteatre.info/amerikanskij-tanets-xx-veka-zachemterpsihora-nadela-krossovki/

  • Klassiki khoreografii (1937). Moscow–Leningrad: Iskusstvo.

  • Lehmann, H.-T. (2003). Postdramaticheskii teatr [Post-dramatic theatre]. Moscow: ABCdesign.

  • Sirotkina, I. (2015). Aisedora Dunkan: Sto desiat’ let svobodnogo tantsa [Isadora Duncan: one hundred and ten years of free dance]. Teatr, 20. Retrieved from: http://oteatre.info/contemporary-dance-istoriya-treh-smertej/

  • Surits, E. (2004). Balet i tanets v Amerike: ocherki istorii [Ballet and dance in America: historical review]. Yekaterinburg: Izdatelstvo Uralskogo Universiteta.

Published
2018-04-03
How to Cite
KOZEVA, Maria; BRANDT, Galina. Philosophical Pursuits in Dance Practice of the 21st Century: Body Concepts. Changing Societies & Personalities, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 6-16, apr. 2018. ISSN 2587-8964. Available at: <https://changing-sp.com/ojs/index.php/csp/article/view/30>. Date accessed: 18 june 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.15826/csp.2018.2.1.027.
Section
Articles