Socio-Cultural Differences in Social Exclusion

  • Juan Díez-Nicolás Análisis Sociológicos, Económicos y Políticos and University of Almeria, Spain
  • Ana Maria López-Narbona University of Michigan, USA and University of Malaga, Spain


The main object of this research is to describe social exclusion in a comparative world perspective. Social exclusion is a main concern worldwide. Non-desirable social groups as neighbours are used as a proxy measure to answer three questions: who are the most excluded social groups, who are the excluders, and what are the main explanatory variables of social exclusion. Social exclusion, as a multidimensional phenomenon, is defined in relation to concepts such as stigma, discrimination, and prejudice. Social, economic, political and ideological-religious attitudes are used to construct the profile of the excluder.  Social exclusion has been measured through three indexes of social exclusion, personal, group and total exclusion, since a main component analysis demonstrated that the degree of social exclusion varied depending on whether the excluded group was more or less based on personal decisions on one's behaviour taken by the individual. Based on theory and previous research, four main variables have been tested to explain social exclusion: social position, exposure to information, post-materialist values and perception of security. But other explanatory variables were also added to the analysis. EVS and WVS databases (from 1981 to 2014) have been used, though most of the analysis has been based on the last WVS-6th wave on 59 countries with a total of more than 85,000 interviews.

Author Biographies

Juan Díez-Nicolás, Análisis Sociológicos, Económicos y Políticos and University of Almeria, Spain

Juan Díez-Nicolás is professor Emeritus of Sociology, Department of Sociology II (Human Ecology and Population), School of Political Sciences and Sociology, Complutense University of Madrid. He is Associate-Director for Southern Europe at the European Centre for Survey Research (University of Aberdeen) and Vice-President of the World Values Survey Association. He is an author of 32 books and 200 book chapters and articles in professional journals.

Ana Maria López-Narbona, University of Michigan, USA and University of Malaga, Spain

Ana Maria López-Narbona, PhD, lawyer and professor at the University of Malaga, Department of Sociology. Visiting Research Scholar at the University of Michigan (US, 2017/2018), at the University of Oxford (UK, 2015), and at the University of Gabrovo (Bulgaria, 2015). Active participant in international projects and congresses such as INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION (IPSA), 2016, ARAB TRANSITION PROJECT, 2016, INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SURVEY PROGRAMM (ISSP), 2016, EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (ESA), Torino (2013) and Genève (2011). Lecturer at the University of Konkuk, Seul, Korea, 2011. International Development Cooperation in Collaboration with the NGO “Down To Earth” Mumbai, India, 2010. Coordinator of the Universidad de Malaga International Development Cooperation Project in Guatemala, 2014-2015. Her main research activities are based on the interest on the international comparative perspective and on values.


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How to Cite
DÍEZ-NICOLÁS, Juan; LÓPEZ-NARBONA, Ana Maria. Socio-Cultural Differences in Social Exclusion. Changing Societies & Personalities, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 105-142, july 2018. ISSN 2587-8964. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2018. doi: