Factors Influencing Social Participation of Older People in Russia: Study of Practices of Delayed Ageing

  • Irina A. Grigoryeva Sociological Institute, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8348-2954
  • Oksana A. Parfenova Sociological Institute, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6187-7947
  • Lyudmila A. Vidiasova Sociological Institute, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia; Monitoring and Research Department eGovernance Center, ITMO University, St. Petersburg, Russia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8006-7066

Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of the social participation of Russian citizens aged 60 and over. The analysis is based on the concept of extended adulthood or delayed ageing, which is a continuation or development of “active ageing.” Extended adulthood is understood from a sociological perspective as the preservation of the social status and role of an independent person participating in the life of society. Our main research question is “What factors and how do they influence the social activity of older people in modern Russian society?” Our research is based on a quantitative survey, consisting of a corpus of 210 questionnaires collected in a medical institution from older people aged 60 and over, supplemented by data from their medical records. For data triangulation and thick description, we use the material from 50 in-depth semi-structured interviews. All material was collected in 2022–2023. The data are strictly anonymous. Among the various forms of social participation and involvement of older people in activities, the most important is employment, which increases income. Internet use helps to prolong social participation and not to feel old. After the age of 75, the range of activities decreases and focuses on family and relatives. The very concepts of “ageing” and “elderly” themselves have predominantly negative connotations for both respondents and informants and are associated with inactivity, illness, loss of interests and abilities, etc. This allows us to consider the concept of extended adulthood/delayed ageing as the most effective and appropriate for studying ageing and changes in ageing policies.

Author Biographies

Irina A. Grigoryeva, Sociological Institute, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia

Irina A. Grigoryeva is a Chief Researcher at the Sociological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Her research interests lie in the areas of social policy, theory of social work, and active and delayed ageing. Among her latest publication is: Grigoryeva, I. Changing Approaches to Aging and Surge of Ageism in Covid-19 Pandemic and After (2023).

Oksana A. Parfenova, Sociological Institute, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia

Oksana A. Parfenova is a Senior Researcher at the Sociological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Her current research interests cover social studies of aging, social exclusion, intergenerational relationships, and healthcare practices. In 2020, Parfenova co-founded the Center for Social Research on Aging at the Sociological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences. One of her latest publications inlcudes Parfenova, O. Paths of Extended Employment Among Intellectual and Creative Workers Aged 60 and Above (2023).

Lyudmila A. Vidiasova, Sociological Institute, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia; Monitoring and Research Department eGovernance Center, ITMO University, St. Petersburg, Russia

Lyudmila A. Vidiasova is the Head of Monitoring and Research Department at the eGovernance center, Institute of Design and Urban Studies, ITMO University, and a Senior Researcher at the Sociological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Branch of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Her research interests lie in the areas of digital services adoption, smart city development, active ageing measurement, eHealth services for different age groups. Her latest publication is: Vidiasova, L. Active and Delayed Ageing in the Assessments of the Elderly (According to a Pilot Study in St. Petersburg) (2023).

Published
2024-04-05
How to Cite
Grigoryeva, I., Parfenova, O., & Vidiasova, L. (2024). Factors Influencing Social Participation of Older People in Russia: Study of Practices of Delayed Ageing. Changing Societies & Personalities, 8(1), 14–36. doi:10.15826/csp.2024.8.1.261